Scripture: Genesis 3
Confession: Chapter 8: The Fall of Man: Sin and its Punishment
1. 1Man, as he came from the hand of God, his creator, was upright and perfect. 2The righteous law which God gave him spoke of life as conditional upon his obedience, and threatened death upon his disobedience. 3Adam’s obedience was short-lived. 4Satan used the subtle serpent to draw Eve into sin. 5Thereupon she seduced Adam who, without any compulsion from without, wilfully broke the law under which they had been created, and also God’s command not to eat of the forbidden fruit. 6To fulfil His own wise and holy purposes God permitted this to happen, for He was directing all to His own glory.
Gen. 2.16, 17; Gen. 3.12, 13; 2 Cor. 11.3
2. 1By this sin our first parents lost their former righteousness, and their happy communion with God was severed. 2Their sin involved us all, and by it death appertained to all. 3All men became dead in sin, and totally polluted in all parts and faculties of both soul and body.
Gen. 6.5; Jer. 17.9; Rom. 3.10-19, 23; 5.12-21; Titus 1.15
4. 1The actual sins that men commit are the fruit of the corrupt nature transmitted to them by our first parents. 2By reason of this corruption, all men become wholly inclined to all evil; sin disables them. 3They are utterly indisposed to, and, indeed, rendered opposite to, all that is good.
Matt. 15.19; Rom. 8.7; Col. 1.21; Jas. 1.14
5. 1During this earthly life corrupt nature remains in those who are born of God, that is to say, regenerated. 2Through Christ it is pardoned and mortified, yet both the corruption itself, and all that issues from it, are truly and properly sin.
Eccles. 7.20; Rom. 7.18, 23-25; Gal. 5.17; 1 John 1.8
1. Read conf. 1.3-4 and Genesis 3.1-6. What can we learn about Adam and Eve’s descent into sin?
2. Read Conf. 2 and Romans 5.12-21. Looking at these passages, who is the head of humanity, and how do we compare him to the head of God’s new humanity?
3. Look at Conf. 2.3. Where do we see temptations like Eve’s in our own lives, and how, like Eve, do we fall for them?
4. Read Conf. 4 and Genesis 3.7-13. How do sinners respond to God when they sin?
5. Read Conf. 5. From Genesis 3.14-20, what does God say will be the future of evil, and for us living in a fallen world?
6. What new things have you seen today about sin and salvation?